JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prevalence of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes, aac(6')-Ib-cr, qepA, and oqxAB in clinical isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae in Korea

Kyung Sun Park, Myeong Hee Kim, Tae Sung Park, You Sun Nam, Hee Joo Lee, Jin Tae Suh
Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 2012, 42 (2): 191-7
22585617
In this study, we sought to determine the prevalence of the plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes aac(6')-Ib-cr, qepA, and oqxAB in extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates in South Korea. In total, 104 isolates (63 E. coli and 41 K. pneumoniae) were collected. We found that 23 of the 63 (36.5%) E. coli and nine of the 41 (22.0%) K. pneumoniae isolates were positive for aac(6')-Ib-cr. No isolate was positive for qepA, while transferable oqxAB was detected only in 10 (24.4%) K. pneumoniae isolates. Among the 32 aac(6')-Ib-cr-positive isolates, 30 (93.8%) were positive for both aac(6')-Ib-cr and bla(CTX-M) (CTX-M-15, -14, and -57). Our results suggest that PMQR determinants are highly prevalent in ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates in Korea.

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