Multipartite entanglement in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) pigment-protein complex

A Thilagam
Journal of Chemical Physics 2012 May 7, 136 (17): 175104
We investigate multipartite states in the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) pigment-protein complex of the green sulfur bacteria using a Lorentzian spectral density of the phonon reservoir fitted with typical parameter estimates of the species, Prosthecochloris aestuarii. The evolution of the entanglement measure of the excitonic W qubit states is evaluated in the picosecond time range, showing increased revivals in the non-Markovian regime. Similar trends are observed in the evolution dynamics of the Meyer-Wallach measure of the N-exciton multipartite state, with results showing that multipartite entanglement can last from 0.5 to 1 ps, between the bacteriochlorophylls of the FMO complex. The teleportation and quantum information splitting fidelities associated with the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W-like resource states formed by the excitonic qubit channels of the FMO complex show that revivals in fidelities increase with the degree of non-Markovian strength of the decoherent environment. Quantum information processing tasks involving teleportation followed by the decodification process involving W-like states of the FMO complex may play a critical role during coherent oscillations at physiological temperatures.

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