The role of bla(OXA-like carbapenemase) and their insertion sequences (ISS) in the induction of resistance against carbapenem antibiotics among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in Tehran hospitals

Khairollah Asadollahi, Eshrat Alizadeh, Mehdi Akbari, Morovat Taherikalani, Mohammad Niakan, Abbas Maleki, Parisa Asadollahi, Setareh Soroush, Mohammad-Mahdi Feizabadi, Mohammad Emaneini
Roumanian Archives of Microbiology and Immunology 2011, 70 (4): 153-8
This study aimed to evaluate the occurrence and dissemination of bla(OXA-like) carbapenemase genes and their insertion sequences among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates, taken from different hospitals in Tehran city and also their roles in the induction of resistance to carbapenem drugs. A total number of 100 non duplicate Acinetobacter baumannii with different origins, were isolated from patients with proved nosocomial infections at eight university hospital in Tehran city. Antimicrobial susceptibility of these strains was done by E-test against 7 antimicrobial agents according to CLSI guideline. PCR of bla(OXA-51-like), bla(OXA-23-like), bla(OXA-24-like), bla(OXA-58-like), IS(ABA-1), IS(1133) was carried out by specialized primers and then these strains were typed by REP-fingerprinting. Colistin, imipenem and meropenem were the most sensitive antibiotics against Acinetobacter baumannii isolates with 96%, 51% and 51% sensitivity respectively. All the isolates had a bla(OXA-51-like) intrinsic to these species. The rates of bla(OXA-23), 23 and 58-like were 38%, 32% and 1% respectively. Coexistence of bla(OXA-51/23/24-like) was observed among 16% of these isolates. All bla(OXA-23-like) carbapenemase genes had only one IS(ABA1). REP fingerprinting showed 5 genotypes among carbapenem resistant isolates, 16 of them being genotype A. This study emphasized on the major role of bla(OXA-like) carbapenemase, particularly bla(OXA-23-like) carbapenemase and their IS(ABA1), in the dissemination of carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii. This study confirmed a presumptive role of IS element neighboring the carbapenemase gene in the elevation of resistance to carbapenem drug among Acinetobacter baumannii isolates for the first time in Iran.

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