JOURNAL ARTICLE

Use of myocardial scar characterization to predict ventricular arrhythmia in cardiac resynchronization therapy

Juan Fernández-Armenta, Antonio Berruezo, Lluis Mont, Marta Sitges, David Andreu, Etelvino Silva, Jose Tomás Ortiz-Pérez, Jose María Tolosana, Teresa M de Caralt, Rosario Jesús Perea, Naiara Calvo, Emilce Trucco, Roger Borràs, María Matas, Josep Brugada
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2012, 14 (11): 1578-86
22562658

AIMS: There is insufficient evidence to implant a combined cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) device with defibrillation capabilities (CRT-D) in all CRT candidates. The aim of the study was to assess myocardial scar size and its heterogeneity as predictors of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in CRT candidates.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort of 78 consecutive patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and class I indication for CRT-D were prospectively enrolled. Before CRT-D implantation, a contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (ce-CMR) was performed. The core and border zone (BZ) of the myocardial scar were characterized and quantified with a customized post-processing software. The first appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy was considered as a surrogate of SCD. During a mean follow-up of 25 months (25-75th percentiles, 15-34), appropriate ICD therapy occurred in 11.5% of patients. In a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression model for clinical and ce-CMR variables, the scar mass percentage [hazards ratio (HR) per 1% increase 1.1 (1.06-1.15), P < 0.01], the BZ mass [HR per 1 g increase 1.06 (1.04-1.09), P < 0.01], and the BZ percentage of the scar [HR per 1% increase 1.06 (1.02-1.11), P < 0.01], were the only independent predictors of appropriate ICD therapy. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis showed that a scar mass <16% and a BZ < 9.5 g had a negative predictive value of 100%.

CONCLUSIONS: The presence, size, and heterogeneity of myocardial scar independently predict appropriate ICD therapies in CRT candidates. The ce-CMR-based scar analysis might help identify a subgroup of patients at relatively low risk of SCD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22562658
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"