Ionic silica based hybrid material containing the pyridinium group used as an adsorbent for textile dye

Eliana W de Menezes, Eder C Lima, Betina Royer, Felipe E de Souza, Bruna D dos Santos, José R Gregório, Tania M H Costa, Yoshitaka Gushikem, Edilson V Benvenutti
Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2012 July 15, 378 (1): 10-20
The present study reports the development of an ionic silica based hybrid material containing the cationic pyridinium group, which was employed for the removal of the Reactive Red 194 textile dye from aqueous solution. Three hybrid material samples were prepared with planned textural and chemical properties, varying the inorganic precursor molar percentage in the sol-gel synthesis. The obtained samples were defined as Py/Si-90, Py/Si-92 and Py/Si-94, where the number specifies the inorganic molar percentage. The hybrid samples were characterized by elemental, infrared, (13)C and (29)Si NMR, N(2) adsorption-desorption isotherms and thermogravimetric analyses. The dye-removing ability of these adsorbents was determined by the batch contact adsorption procedure. Effects such as pH value and adsorbent dosage on the adsorption capacities were studied. Four kinetic models were applied. The adsorption was best fitted to Avrami fractional-order kinetic model for the three hybrid material samples. The kinetic data were also adjusted to an intra-particle diffusion model resulting three linear regions, indicating that the adsorption kinetics follows multiple sorption rates. The equilibrium data were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich and Liu isotherm models. The maximum adsorption capacities were 165.4, 190.3 and 195.9 mg g(-1) for Py/Si-90, Py/Si-92 and Py/Si-94, respectively. Simulated dye-house effluents were used to check the applicability of the proposed adsorbents for effluent treatment. Dye loaded adsorbents were regenerated (>98.2%) by using 0.4 mol L(-1) of NaOH solution as an eluent.

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