JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effect of negative pressure wound therapy on the elution of antibiotics from polymethylmethacrylate beads in a porcine simulated open femur fracture model.

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) affects antibiotic elution in simulated femur fractures treated with antibiotic impregnated polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads and whether fascial closure between beads and sponge affects the outcome.

METHODS: PMMA beads containing vancomycin and tobramycin were placed adjacent to bilateral corticotomies created in 20 anesthetized pigs. In 1 leg, NPWT was applied with the sponge either in direct contact with the beads or superficial to reapproximated fascia lata. The contralateral wound was conventionally closed. Vancomycin and tobramycin concentrations in wound drainage were measured every 12 hours for 72 hours, and tobramycin levels were measured in periosteal tissue obtained at 72 hours.

RESULTS: Drainage vancomycin and tobramycin concentrations were highest at 12 hours and fell rapidly by 24 hours but remained steady thereafter. At each 12-hour interval, there were no significant differences in the vancomycin and tobramycin concentrations between NPWT and control wound drainage, although whether the fascia was closed or left open had an influence on vancomycin levels. The total vancomycin and tobramycin eluted into the drains was significantly less in the NPWT group with open fascia. The antibiotic levels measured in wound drainage remained above the minimum inhibitory concentration for common wound organisms throughout the study period. Neither NPWT nor fascial closure had a significant effect on tobramycin periosteal tissue concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent application of NPWT with antibiotic impregnated PMMA beads to simulated open femur fractures in pigs did not decrease local antibiotic concentrations but did decrease the total amount of eluted vancomycin and tobramycin locally available when the fascia was left open.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app