Integration of hexagonal boron nitride with quasi-freestanding epitaxial graphene: toward wafer-scale, high-performance devices

Michael S Bresnehan, Matthew J Hollander, Maxwell Wetherington, Michael LaBella, Kathleen A Trumbull, Randal Cavalero, David W Snyder, Joshua A Robinson
ACS Nano 2012 June 26, 6 (6): 5234-41
Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is a promising dielectric material for graphene-based electronic devices. Here we investigate the potential of h-BN gate dielectrics, grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), for integration with quasi-freestanding epitaxial graphene (QFEG). We discuss the large scale growth of h-BN on copper foil via a catalytic thermal CVD process and the subsequent transfer of h-BN to a 75 mm QFEG wafer. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements confirm the absence of h-BN/graphitic domains and indicate that the film is chemically stable throughout the transfer process, while Raman spectroscopy indicates a 42% relaxation of compressive stress following removal of the copper substrate and subsequent transfer of h-BN to QFEG. Despite stress-induced wrinkling observed in the films, Hall effect measurements show little degradation (<10%) in carrier mobility for h-BN coated QFEG. Temperature dependent Hall measurements indicate little contribution from remote surface optical phonon scattering and suggest that, compared to HfO(2) based dielectrics, h-BN can be an excellent material for preserving electrical transport properties. Graphene transistors utilizing h-BN gates exhibit peak intrinsic cutoff frequencies >30 GHz (2.4× that of HfO(2)-based devices).

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