Anxiety sensitivity and cognitive-based smoking processes: testing the mediating role of emotion dysregulation among treatment-seeking daily smokers

Kirsten A Johnson, Samantha G Farris, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Journal of Addictive Diseases 2012, 31 (2): 143-57
The current study investigated whether emotion dysregulation (difficulties in the self-regulation of affective states) mediated relationships between anxiety sensitivity (fear of anxiety and related sensations) and cognitive-based smoking processes. Participants (n = 197; 57.5% male; mean age = 38.0 years) were daily smokers recruited as part of a randomized control trial for smoking cessation. Anxiety sensitivity was uniquely associated with all smoking processes. Moreover, emotion dysregulation significantly mediated relationships between anxiety sensitivity and the smoking processes. Findings suggest that emotion dysregulation is an important construct to consider in relationships between anxiety sensitivity and cognitive-based smoking processes among adult treatment-seeking smokers.

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