JOURNAL ARTICLE

The prevalence of clinical remission in RA patients treated with anti-TNF: results from the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Monitoring (DREAM) registry

Yvonne M R de Punder, Jaap Fransen, Wietske Kievit, Pieternella M Houtman, Henk Visser, Mart A F J van de Laar, Piet L C M van Riel
Rheumatology 2012, 51 (9): 1610-7
22539487

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of clinical remission and minimal disease activity according to the ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) remission, DAS-28 <2.6 and minimal disease activity (MDA) criteria, and to compare the extent of residual disease activity with disability in RA patients after 6 months of treatment with anti-TNF.

METHODS: In the Dutch Rheumatoid Arthritis Monitoring (DREAM) biologic registry the prevalence of DAS-28 <2.6, MDA and ACR/EULAR remission criteria was assessed. Residual disease activity during MDA or remission was assessed as the percentage of patients with swollen and tender joints, elevated acute-phase reactants and general health on a visual analogue scale (VAS). Disability was evaluated with the HAQ score.

RESULTS: Prevalence of DAS-28 <2.6 was 27%, prevalence of MDA was 34% and ACR/EULAR remission was reached by 6% of patients. Residual disease activity was present mostly in the most lenient criteria and occurred most frequently on the level of swollen joint count and VAS score: at least one swollen joint in DAS-28 <2.6, MDA and ACR/EULAR remission was present in, respectively, 51, 54 and 34% of the patients. VAS >1 occurred in, respectively, 67, 69 and 0% of the patients. Modification of the cut-point of the patient-reported outcome increased the prevalence of ACR/EULAR remission, but also the level of disability.

CONCLUSION: MDA and DAS-28 <2.6 are reachable treatment targets in RA with anti-TNF, although residual disease activity might still be present. In turn, ACR/EULAR remission criteria leave little residual disease activity, but might be too stringent for use in daily clinical practice due to the strict cut-point in the patient-reported outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22539487
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"