JOURNAL ARTICLE

Sorption of ionic liquids onto soils: experimental and chemometric studies

Wojciech Mrozik, Alicja Kotłowska, Wojciech Kamysz, Piotr Stepnowski
Chemosphere 2012, 88 (10): 1202-7
22525509
Chemometric analyses are a great tool to support typical experimental studies of the interactions of xenobiotics with natural environment. Such interpretations are able to determine statistically significant correlations and finally lead to identification of the major sorption factors. However, to effectively use chemometrics a bigger data set is required. Even though the ionic liquids are intensively studied, their complete fate or prediction of their behavior in the natural environment is still unclear. Therefore, to evaluate and distinguish the patterns of interactions of ILs in soil environment by chemometrics, sorption of nine ionic liquids (imidazolium and pyridinium chlorides) on 11 types of various soils was tested. Experimental studies indicated that compounds with longer alkyl side chains were sorbed far more strongly than weakly lipophilic ones. Moreover, salts with short and/or hydroxylated derivatives were more mobile in soils/sediments and thus, might cause a danger of contamination of surface or ground waters. Cluster analysis revealed that ionic liquids form two major clusters according to interaction with soil surface - one grouping compounds with short and hydroxylated alkyl side chains and the second with the rest of compounds. Pairwise scatterplots for correlations between soil variables and sorption coefficients indicated that the main soil parameter responsible for the sorption was cation exchange capacity. Correlation of sorption coefficients, K(d), with pH indicated the existence of lower sorption potency in lower pH values.

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