Rosuvastatin pretreatment in patients undergoing elective PCI to reduce the incidence of myocardial periprocedural necrosis: the ROMA trial

Gennaro Sardella, Giulia Conti, Michael Donahue, Massimo Mancone, Emanuele Canali, Carlotta De Carlo, Angelo Di Roma, Simone Calcagno, Luigi Lucisano, Francesco Fedele
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions 2013 January 1, 81 (1): E36-43

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of the high-dose rosuvastatin preadministration in reducing periprocedural myocardial necrosis and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

BACKGROUND: Elective PCI may be complicated with an elevation of cardiac biomarkers. Several studies suggested that pretreatment with statins may be associated with a reduction in periprocedural myocardial necrosis.

METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients with stable angina who underwent elective PCI were randomly assigned to receive either a preprocedural loading dose (40 mg) of rosuvastatin group (RG, n = 80) or a standard treatment [control group (CG), n = 80].The primary endpoint was the incidence of periprocedural myocardial necrosis. The secondary endpoint was the assessment of MACCE [cardiac death, all-myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and target vessel revascularization (TVR)] at a 30-day and 12-month follow-up, as well as the rate of periprocedural rise of Troponin T-serum levels >3× upper limit of normal.

RESULTS: Twelve and 24-hr post-PCI creatinine kinase MB isoform elevation >3× occurred more frequently in the CG than in the RG (22.7 vs. 7.1; P = 0.034 and 26.4 vs. 8.7; P = 0.003). At the 30-day and 12-month follow-up, the incidence of cumulative MACCE was higher in CG than in the RG (30.0% vs. 8.7%; P = 0.001 and 35.0% vs. 12.5%; P = 0.001).The difference between the groups was mainly due to the periprocedural MI incidence (26.4% vs. 8.7%; P = 0.003).The rate of cardiac death, spontaneous MI, TVR, and stroke were similar in the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: High loading dose of rosuvastatin within 24 hr before elective PCI seems to decrease the incidence of periprocedural myocardial necrosis during a period of 12-months compared to the standard treatment.

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