Condensation of excitons in a trap

A A High, J R Leonard, M Remeika, L V Butov, M Hanson, A C Gossard
Nano Letters 2012 May 9, 12 (5): 2605-9
Condensation is observed in a gas of indirect excitons confined in an electrostatic trap. Imaging and interferometric measurements detect that excitons condense at the trap bottom and exciton spontaneous coherence emerges with lowering temperature. Below a temperature of about 1 K, the direct signature of Bose-Einstein condensation, the extension of coherence over the entire cloud, is observed.

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