Hydrothermal synthesis of GSH-TGA co-capped CdTe quantum dots and their application in labeling colorectal cancer cells

Yongli Yu, Linru Xu, Jing Chen, Huanyu Gao, Shuo Wang, Jin Fang, Shukun Xu
Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces 2012 June 15, 95: 247-53
We have successfully synthesized GSH and TGA co-capped CdTe quantum dots (QDs) with good biological compatibility and high fluorescence intensity. The effects of different reaction time, temperature, pH value, ligand concentration and the molar ratio of GSH/TGA were carefully investigated to optimize the synthesis condition. The optical properties of as-prepared CdTe QDs were studied by UV-visible absorption spectrum and fluorescence spectrum, meanwhile their structure and morphology were characterized using transmission electron microscope (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD). Compared with the CdTe QDs that are single-capped with either GSH or TGA, the GSH-TGA co-capped CdTe QDs demonstrated significantly improved fluorescence intensity and optical stability. In addition, GSH-TGA co-capped CdTe QDs were conjugated to amonoclonal antibody ND-1. The GSH-TGA co-capped CdTe QDs-antibody probe was successfully used to label colorectal cancer cells, CCL187, in vitro.

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