JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Selling Sprinkles micronutrient powder reduces anemia, iron deficiency, and vitamin A deficiency in young children in Western Kenya: a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Parminder S Suchdev, Laird J Ruth, Bradley A Woodruff, Charles Mbakaya, Usha Mandava, Rafael Flores-Ayala, Maria Elena D Jefferds, Robert Quick
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012, 95 (5): 1223-30
22492366

BACKGROUND: Although the efficacy of micronutrient powders [MNPs; eg, Sprinkles MNP (Sprinkles Global Health Initiative)] in the reduction of anemia has been established, the effectiveness of these powders in real-world programs has seldom been assessed.

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the effect of community-based marketing and distribution of Sprinkles MNP on childhood rates of anemia and iron and vitamin A deficiency.

DESIGN: In a cluster-randomized trial in children aged 6-35 mo in Western Kenya, 60 villages were randomly assigned to either intervention or control groups. Community vendors marketed and sold sachets of Sprinkles MNP in intervention villages. Biweekly household visits monitored the use of Sprinkles MNP. Hemoglobin, ferritin, retinol binding protein, malaria, and anthropometric measures were assessed at baseline (n = 1063) and 12 mo of follow-up (n = 862). Data were analyzed by using an intention-to-treat analysis and generalized linear mixed models.

RESULTS: On average, 33% of households in intervention villages purchased Sprinkles MNP; the average weekly intake per child was 0.9 sachets (∼11.3 mg Fe and ∼328 μg vitamin A). Compared with control subjects, intervention children had greater improvements in hemoglobin concentrations (increase of 0.9 compared with 0.6 g/dL, respectively; P = 0.02), iron deficiency (decrease of 19.3% compared with 5.3%, respectively; P = 0.001), and vitamin A deficiency (decrease of 7.5% compared with an increase of 2.5%, respectively; P = 0.01). Results adjusted for age, sex, socioeconomic status, and maternal education showed a significant association between the hemoglobin, iron, and vitamin A concentrations of children and the number of Sprinkles MNP sachets the children consumed. The prevalence of malaria, wasting, and stunting did not change significantly in either group.

CONCLUSION: Even with relatively low and infrequent use, Sprinkles MNP sales through community vendors were associated with decreased rates of anemia and iron and vitamin A deficiency in children in a resource-poor setting. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01088958.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22492366
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"