Temozolomide loaded PLGA-based superparamagnetic nanoparticles for magnetic resonance imaging and treatment of malignant glioma

You Ling, Kun Wei, Fen Zou, Shizheng Zhong
International Journal of Pharmaceutics 2012 July 1, 430 (1-2): 266-75
Polysorbate 80 coated temozolomide-loaded PLGA-based superparamagnetic nanoparticles (P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs) were successfully synthesized and characterized as drug carriers and diagnosis agent for malignant brain glioma. The mean size of P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs was 220 nm with narrow hydrodynamic particle size distribution. The superparamagnetic characteristic of P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs was proved by vibration simple magnetometer. P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs exhibited high drug loading and encapsulation efficiency as well as good sustained drug release performance for 15 days. MTT assay demonstrated the antiproliferative effect of P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs for C6 glioma cells. Significant cellular uptake of P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs was evaluated in C6 glioma cells by fluorescence microscopy, Prussian blue staining, and atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) for qualitative and quantitative study, respectively. MRI scanning analyses in vitro indicated that P80-TMZ/SPIO-NPs could be used as a good MRI contrast agent. Polysorbate 80 coated temozolomide-loaded PLGA-based superparamagnetic nanoparticles could be able to promise a multifunctional theragnostic carrier of brain cancer.

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