Role of peripheral and spinal 5-HT2B receptors in formalin-induced nociception

Claudia Cervantes-Durán, Guadalupe C Vidal-Cantú, Paulino Barragán-Iglesias, Jorge B Pineda-Farias, Mariana Bravo-Hernández, Janet Murbartián, Vinicio Granados-Soto
Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 2012, 102 (1): 30-5
In this study we assessed the role of local peripheral and spinal serotonin 2B (5-HT(2B)) receptors in rats submitted to the formalin test. For this, local peripheral ipsilateral, but not contralateral, administration of the highly selective 5-HT(2B) receptor antagonist 2-amino-4-(4-fluoronaphth-1-yl)-6-isopropylpyridine (RS-127445, 0.01-1 nmol/paw) significantly prevented 1% formalin-induced flinching behavior. Moreover, local peripheral ipsilateral, but not contralateral, of the selective 5-HT(2) receptor agonist (±)-2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI, 1-10 nmol/paw) augmented 0.5% formalin-induced nociceptive behavior. The local pronociceptive effect of the 5-HT(2) receptor agonist DOI (10 nmol/paw) was significantly prevented by the local injection of RS-127445 (0.01 nmol/paw). Moreover, intrathecal injection of the selective 5-HT(2B) receptor antagonist RS-127445 (0.1-10 nmol/rat) also prevented 1% formalin-induced nociceptive behavior. In contrast, spinal injection of the 5-HT(2) receptor agonist DOI (1-10 nmol/rat) significantly increased flinching behavior induced by 0.5% formalin. The spinal pronociceptive effect of the 5-HT(2) receptor agonist DOI (10 nmol/rat) was prevented by the intrathecal injection of the 5-HT(2B) receptor antagonist RS-127445 (0.1 nmol/rat). Our results suggest that the 5-HT(2B) receptors play a pronociceptive role in peripheral as well as spinal sites in the rat formalin test. 5-HT(2B) receptors could be a target to develop analgesic drugs.

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