JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of cardiac scintigraphy with ⁹⁹mTc-DPD in the differentiation of cardiac amyloidosis subtype

F Javier de Haro-del Moral, Alicia Sánchez-Lajusticia, Manuel Gómez-Bueno, Pablo García-Pavía, Clara Salas-Antón, Javier Segovia-Cubero
Revista Española de Cardiología 2012, 65 (5): 440-6
22464102

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the diagnostic accuracy of (99m)Tc-3,3-diphosphono-1,2 propanodicarboxylic acid ((99m)Tc-DPD) scintigraphy in differentiating between monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain and transthyretin-related cardiac amyloidosis.

METHODS: Nineteen patients with documented cardiac amyloidosis were included: 8 with transthyretin-related amyloidosis (group A) and 11 with light chain amyloidosis (group B). All the patients underwent scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-DPD and (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate ((99m)Tc-MDP).

RESULTS: On visual scoring, cardiac (99m)Tc-DPD uptake could be characterized as moderate to severe (scores of 2-3), with ventricular or biventricular distribution, in all group A patients (transthyretin-related cardiac amyloidosis), and was absent or mild (scores of 0-1) and diffusely distributed in all group B patients (monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain cardiac amyloidosis). (99m)Tc-DPD uptake was also absent (score of 0) among unaffected controls and in 2 unaffected relatives of patients with hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis who harbor a mutation in the TTR gene. With (99m)Tc-MDP, all the patients had a myocardial uptake score of 0-1. In our series, selective myocardial uptake of (99m)Tc-DPD provided 100% accuracy (95% confidence interval, 97.37%-100%) for the differentiation between transthyretin-related and monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain cardiac amyloidosis.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that (99m)Tc-DPD scintigraphy is a useful test for the differential diagnosis of transthyretin vs monoclonal immunoglobulin light chain etiology in patients with cardiac amyloidosis.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22464102
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"