COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Randomized comparison of etanercept with usual therapy in an Asian population with active rheumatoid arthritis: the APPEAL trial

Ho-Youn Kim, Ping-Ning Hsu, Merle Barba, Wahinnuddin Sulaiman, Debbie Robertson, Bonnie Vlahos, Rezaul Khandker, Henk Nab, Bruce Freundlich, Andrew Koenig
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 2012, 15 (2): 188-96
22462423

AIM: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an important rheumatologic disease in Asia-Pacific countries, as in other parts of the world. However, limited information is available regarding RA therapy in this region. The Asia-Pacific Study in Patients to be Treated With Etanercept or an Alternative Listed DMARD (APPEAL) compared efficacy and safety of etanercept (ETN) + methotrexate (MTX) versus usual disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) + MTX (reflecting regional practice) in subjects with moderate to severe RA from multiple Asia-Pacific countries.

METHOD: In this open-label, active-comparator, parallel-design, multicenter study, subjects (n = 300) in the Asia-Pacific region were randomized to ETN + MTX (n = 197) or DMARD + MTX (n = 103). The primary efficacy endpoint was the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) response (ACR-N) area under the curve (AUC) over 16 weeks.

RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. At Week 16, ACR-N AUC indicated a significantly greater response with ETN + MTX compared with DMARD + MTX (mean difference -145.3; P < 0.001). Significantly greater proportions of subjects achieved ACR 20, 50 and 70 responses with ETN + MTX versus DMARD + MTX at Week 16 (P < 0.05). Low Disease Activity Score based on a 28-joint count (DAS28 < 3.2) was also achieved by significantly more subjects in the ETN + MTX group versus the DMARD + MTX group (P < 0.001). Greater improvements were shown for DAS28, pain visual analogue scale, health assessment questionnaire, and physician and patient global assessments (P < 0.05) for ETN + MTX versus DMARD + MTX. No new safety signals were found.

CONCLUSION: In this Asia-Pacific population of subjects with moderate to severe RA, ETN + MTX showed superior efficacy versus usual DMARD + MTX regimens, with similar safety profiles.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22462423
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"