Characterization of tannase protein sequences of bacteria and fungi: an in silico study

Amrita Banerjee, Arijit Jana, Bikash R Pati, Keshab C Mondal, Pradeep K Das Mohapatra
Protein Journal 2012, 31 (4): 306-27
The tannase protein sequences of 149 bacteria and 36 fungi were retrieved from NCBI database. Among them only 77 bacterial and 31 fungal tannase sequences were taken which have different amino acid compositions. These sequences were analysed for different physical and chemical properties, superfamily search, multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic tree construction and motif finding to find out the functional motif and the evolutionary relationship among them. The superfamily search for these tannase exposed the occurrence of proline iminopeptidase-like, biotin biosynthesis protein BioH, O-acetyltransferase, carboxylesterase/thioesterase 1, carbon-carbon bond hydrolase, haloperoxidase, prolyl oligopeptidase, C-terminal domain and mycobacterial antigens families and alpha/beta hydrolase superfamily. Some bacterial and fungal sequence showed similarity with different families individually. The multiple sequence alignment of these tannase protein sequences showed conserved regions at different stretches with maximum homology from amino acid residues 389-469 and 482-523 which could be used for designing degenerate primers or probes specific for tannase producing bacterial and fungal species. Phylogenetic tree showed two different clusters; one has only bacteria and another have both fungi and bacteria showing some relationship between these different genera. Although in second cluster near about all fungal species were found together in a corner which indicates the sequence level similarity among fungal genera. The distributions of fourteen motifs analysis revealed Motif 1 with a signature amino acid sequence of 29 amino acids, i.e. GCSTGGREALKQAQRWPHDYDGIIANNPA, was uniformly observed in 83.3 % of studied tannase sequences representing its participation with the structure and enzymatic function.

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