JOURNAL ARTICLE

Protein arginine methyltransferase 6 regulates embryonic stem cell identity

Yun Hwa Lee, Hui Ma, Tuan Zea Tan, Swee Siang Ng, Richie Soong, Seiichi Mori, Xin-Yuan Fu, Magdalena Zernicka-Goetz, Qiang Wu
Stem Cells and Development 2012 September 20, 21 (14): 2613-22
22455726
Histone arginine methylation has emerged as an important histone modification involved in gene regulation. Protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) 4 and 5 have been shown to play essential roles in early embryonic development and in embryonic stem (ES) cells. Recently, it has been reported that PRMT6-mediated di-methylation of histone H3 at arginine 2 (H3R2me2) can antagonize tri-methylation of histone H3 at lysine 4 (H3K4me3), which marks active genes. However, whether PRMT6 and PRMT6-mediated H3R2me2 play crucial roles in early embryonic development and ES cell identity remain unclear. Here, we have investigated their roles using gain and loss of function studies with mouse ES cells as a model system. We report that Prmt6 and histone H3R2 methylation levels increased when ES cells are induced to differentiate. Consistently, we find that differentiation of ES cells upon upregulation of Prmt6 is associated with decreased expression of pluripotency genes and increased expression of differentiation markers. We also observe that elevation of Prmt6 increases the methylation level of histone H3R2 and decreases H3K4me, Chd1, and Wdr5 levels at the promoter regions of Oct4 and Nanog. Surprisingly, knockdown of Prmt6 also leads to downregulation of pluripotency genes and induction of expression of differentiation markers suggesting that Prmt6 is important for ES cell pluripotency and self-renewal. Our results indicate that a critical level of Prmt6 and histone H3R2me must be maintained in mouse ES cells to sustain their pluripotency.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22455726
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"