JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prospective evaluation of anticoagulation and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for the management of portal vein thrombosis in cirrhosis

Marco Senzolo, Teresa M Sartori, Valeria Rossetto, Patrizia Burra, Umberto Cillo, Patrizia Boccagni, Daniele Gasparini, Diego Miotto, Paolo Simioni, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kenneth A Burroughs
Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver 2012, 32 (6): 919-27
22435854

BACKGROUND: There is no established management algorithm for portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in cirrhotic patients. The aim of our study was to prospectively evaluate anticoagulation and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) to treat PVT.

METHODS: Cirrhotics with non-malignant PVT were included. Low weight molecular heparin anticoagulation was considered in all; TIPS was indicated if thrombosis progressed or anticoagulation was contraindicated. Patients who were not anticoagulated nor received TIPS served as controls.

RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (of whom 21 controls) were included. PVT was occlusive in 11/35, with extension to the superior mesenteric or splenic vein in 13/35. In the study group 33 patients were anticoagulated, with a recanalization rate of 36% (12/33) compared with 1/21 among controls. A time interval between appearance of thrombosis and anticoagulation < 6 months predicted chance of repermeation. Thrombus progression occurred in 15/21 non anticoagulated patients and in 5/33 anticoagulated patients (P < 0.001). TIPS was placed in six patients. There were five variceal bleedings and two intestinal venous ischaemia episodes in the control group, compared with one variceal bleeding episode in the study group.

CONCLUSIONS: In cirrhotics with PVT, a treatment algorithm using anticoagulation and TIPS achieves a good chance of complete repermeation, reduces portal hypertensive complications, and decreases the rate of thrombosis progression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22435854
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"