[Nutritional value of daily food rations in 10 year old children with different body weight]

Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Falkowska, Lucyna Ostrowska, Magdalena Waszczeniuk
Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny 2011, 62 (4): 419-25
The study objective was to assess the number and type of the daily consumed meals and to make a comparison between energetic and nutritional value in the meals consumed by children with normal and excessive body weight. A study was conducted in a group of 280 children aged 10 years (141 girls and 139 boys) in Bialystok. A 24 h dietary recall was taken of the day preceding the examination in order to perform a quantitative evaluation of daily food rations. Taking into consideration the particular meals, the energetic value and the content of basic dietary nutrients. Also cholesterol and fiber were evaluated, using the computer program Diet 2.0 developed in the Institute of Food and Nutrition in Warsaw. In the tested groups, a four-meal model predominated and the afternoon snack was most frequently missed. As many as 95% of children with normal body weight and 100% of children with excessive body weight admitted irregular eating between meals. The proportion in energy delivery from the respective meals was disturbed and nutritional abnormalities were found especially in the overweighted and obese children.

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