Collegiate-based emergency medical service: impact on alcohol-related emergency department transports at a small liberal arts college

Joshua B Rosen, Mark H Olson, Marianne Kelly
Journal of American College Health: J of ACH 2012, 60 (3): 263-5

OBJECTIVE: The authors examined the impact of a collegiate-based emergency medical service (CBEMS) on the frequency of emergency department (ED) transports.

PARTICIPANTS: Students transported to the ED for acute alcohol intoxication during the Fall 2008 and the Fall 2009 semesters (N = 50).

METHODS: The frequency of students receiving transportation to a hospital ED and the reported blood alcohol content (BAC) levels during the initial operational semester of the CBEMS were compared to those values over the same time period the previous year.

RESULTS: More than twice the number of students was transported to the ED following the introduction of CBEMS. There was no change in mean BAC levels.

CONCLUSIONS: CBEMS could promote a culture conducive to increased reporting behavior, which makes the campus safer. Similar BAC levels suggest that the degree of intoxication was similar for the 2 reporting periods, but students sought emergency assistance more frequently following the inception of CBEMS.

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