COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Relationship of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A₂ mass and activity with incident vascular events among primary prevention patients allocated to placebo or to statin therapy: an analysis from the JUPITER trial

Paul M Ridker, Jean G MacFadyen, Robert L Wolfert, Wolfgang Koenig
Clinical Chemistry 2012, 58 (5): 877-86
22419750

BACKGROUND: Although lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) levels are associated with cardiovascular events, Lp-PLA(2) is physically linked to LDL cholesterol (LDL-C). Whether measures of Lp-PLA(2) mass or activity continue to predict risk after LDL-C reduction by statin therapy is uncertain.

METHODS: Lp-PLA(2) mass concentration and activity were evaluated at baseline and after treatment in the Justification for the Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) trial comparing rosuvastatin 20 mg to placebo among 17 802 men and women without cardiovascular disease or diabetes at study entry. The relationships of Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity with risk of future vascular events were evaluated in the placebo and rosuvastatin groups.

RESULTS: Before randomization, levels of Lp-PLA(2) mass and activity correlated moderately with each other and with LDL-C. The magnitude of these correlations increased after statin therapy. Rosuvastatin reduced Lp-PLA(2) mass by 33.8%, Lp-PLA(2) activity by 33.2%, and LDL-C by 48.7% (all P < 0.0001). Among those study participants allocated to placebo, increasing quartiles of Lp-PLA(2) activity (P(trend) = 0.04) but not Lp-PLA(2) mass (P(trend) = 0.92) were associated with incident cardiovascular events after adjustment for LDL-C and conventional risk factors. Comparable analyses conducted among those allocated to rosuvastatin revealed no significant relationship between Lp-PLA(2) levels and subsequent vascular events. The ability of rosuvastatin to reduce vascular events was not significantly modified by baseline Lp-PLA(2) level.

CONCLUSIONS: Among JUPITER trial participants allocated to placebo, levels of Lp-PLA(2) activity, but not mass, were associated with cardiovascular risk. However, Lp-PLA(2) no longer predicted risk or modified clinical outcomes when participants were treated with rosuvastatin.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22419750
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"