[Non-invasive mechanical ventilation in COPD]

G-C Funk
Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin 2012, 107 (3): 185-91
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation is the preferred method for the treatment of acute respiratory failure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Primary contraindications and stopping criteria must be regarded to avoid delaying endotracheal intubation. The primary interface is usually a nasal-oral mask. Cautious sedation can facilitate non-invasive ventilation in some patients. Under certain circumstances non-invasive ventilation may enable successful extubation in COPD patients with prolonged weaning. COPD patients can also benefit from preventive non-invasive ventilation in order to avoid re-intubation after a planned extubation. Domiciliary nocturnal non-invasive ventilation is an option for some patients with COPD in chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure. This treatment should be established in a specialised unit.

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