JOURNAL ARTICLE

Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are associated with similar outcomes for end-stage renal disease treatment in Canada

Karen Yeates, Naisu Zhu, Edward Vonesh, Lilyanna Trpeski, Peter Blake, Stanley Fenton
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2012, 27 (9): 3568-75
22391139

BACKGROUND: There were 35 265 patients receiving renal replacement therapy in Canada at the end of 2007 with 11.0% of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 48.9% on hemodialysis (HD) and a remaining 40.1% living with a functioning kidney transplant. There are no contemporary studies examining PD survival relative to HD in Canada. The objective was to compare survival outcomes for incident patients starting on PD as compared to HD in Canada.

METHODS: Using data from the Canadian Organ Replacement Register, the Cox proportional hazards (PH) model was employed to study survival outcomes for patients initiating PD as compared to HD in Canada from 1991 to 2004 with follow-up to 31 December 2007. Comparisons of outcomes were made between three successive calendar periods: 1991-95, 1996-2000 and 2001-04 with the relative risk of death of incident patients calculated using an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis with proportional and non-PH models using a piecewise exponential survival model to compare adjusted mortality rates.

RESULTS: In the ITT analysis, overall survival for the entire study period favored PD in the first 18 months and HD after 36 months. However, for the 2001-04 cohort, survival favored PD for the first 2 years and thereafter PD and HD were similar. Among female patients > 65 years with diabetes, PD had a 27% higher mortality rate.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, HD and PD are associated with similar outcomes for end-stage renal disease treatment in Canada.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22391139
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"