Rotating-hinge total knee for revision total knee arthroplasty

Alessandro Bistolfi, Giuseppe Massazza, Federica Rosso, Maurizio Crova
Orthopedics 2012, 35 (3): e325-30
Rotating-hinge knee implants are used for revision total knee arthroplasty in patients with severe ligament instability and bone loss. This study evaluated the outcomes of a series of rotating-hinge knees. Thirty-one NexGen Rotating Hinge Knees (Zimmer, Warsaw, Indiana) were implanted in 29 patients (2 bilateral), with an average age of 72.8 years. Indications for surgery were aseptic loosening (n=23), septic loosenings (n=4), tibiofemoral instability (n=3), and wear (n=1). The Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score and the Knee Society Roentgenographic Evaluation System were used. Statistical and cumulative survival rate analyses were performed. Average follow-up was 60.3 months (range, 32-100 months). The Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score results indicated statistically significant improvement; the total score increased from 65.5 preoperatively to 88.4 postoperatively. Average range of motion increased from 90.9° preoperatively to 114.4° postoperatively. Radiographs showed no periprosthetic bone fractures or implant ruptures. Radiolucent lines were found in 20 of 26 patients and were progressive in 2 (both revised). Complications occurred in 10 patients. The rigidity of the hinge may be associated with a risk of aseptic loosening due to the increased stress transfer to the bone from the prosthesis through the locked hinge. Rotating-hinge knee implants provided acceptable mid-term outcomes for revision knee surgery with ligamentous instability. They are not at higher risk for early loosening unless short tibial stems are used. The high percentage of failures is more related to the complex surgery and to the status of the patients than to the hinged mechanism.

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