Generation of immigration and body mass index in Canadian youth

Elizabeth C Quon, Jennifer J McGrath, Marie-Hélène Roy-Gagnon
Journal of Pediatric Psychology 2012, 37 (8): 843-53

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of acculturation, as measured by generational status, on body mass index (BMI) in a sample of Canadian youth.

METHODS: Population-based data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth were used. Participants were divided into 2 age ranges: children aged 6-11 years (n = 14,287) and adolescents aged 12-17 years (n = 12,155). Youth were classified into one of five generations of immigration: first-generation, second-generation, mixed-generation, third-generation, and Aboriginal. Parent- and self-report height and weight were used to calculate BMI Z-scores.

RESULTS: Generation of immigration was significantly related to BMI Z-score in both childhood and adolescence. First-generation immigrants had more weight gain compared to other groups during adolescence, but not during childhood.

CONCLUSIONS: Acculturation, as measured by generation of immigration, is an important predictor of BMI in Canadian children and adolescents.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"