Cross-sectional computed tomographic assessment improves accuracy of aortic annular sizing for transcatheter aortic valve replacement and reduces the incidence of paravalvular aortic regurgitation

Hasan Jilaihawi, Mohammad Kashif, Gregory Fontana, Azusa Furugen, Takahiro Shiota, Gerald Friede, Rakhee Makhija, Niraj Doctor, Martin B Leon, Raj R Makkar
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2012 April 3, 59 (14): 1275-86

OBJECTIVES: In an effort to define the gold standard for annular sizing for transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), we sought to critically analyze and compare the predictive value of multiple measures of the aortic annulus for post-TAVR paravalvular (PV) regurgitation and then assess the impact of a novel cross-sectional computed tomographic (CT) approach to annular sizing.

BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown clear discrepancies between conventional 2-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic and CT measurements. In terms of aortic annular measurement for TAVR, such findings have lacked the outcome analysis required to inform clinical practice.

METHODS: The discriminatory value of multiple CT annular measures for post-TAVR PV aortic regurgitation was compared with 2D echocardiographic measures. TAVR outcomes with device selection according to aortic annular sizing using a traditional 2D transesophageal echocardiography-guided or a novel CT-guided approach were also studied.

RESULTS: In receiver-operating characteristic models, cross-sectional CT parameters had the highest discriminatory value for post-TAVR PV regurgitation: This was with the area under the curve for [maximal cross-sectional diameter minus prosthesis size] of 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.69 to 0.94; p < 0.001) and that for [circumference-derived cross-sectional diameter minus prosthesis size] of 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.7 to 0.94; p < 0.001). In contrast, traditional echocardiographic measures were nondiscriminatory in relation to post-TAVR PV aortic regurgitation. The prospective application of a CT-guided annular sizing approach resulted in less PV aortic regurgitation of grade worse than mild after TAVR (7.5% vs. 21.9%; p = 0.045).

CONCLUSIONS: Our data lend strong support to 3-dimensional cross-sectional measures, using CT as the new gold standard for aortic annular evaluation for TAVR with the Edwards SAPIEN device.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"