Model misspecification and robustness in causal inference: comparing matching with doubly robust estimation

Ingeborg Waernbaum
Statistics in Medicine 2012 July 10, 31 (15): 1572-81
In this paper, we compare the robustness properties of a matching estimator with a doubly robust estimator. We describe the robustness properties of matching and subclassification estimators by showing how misspecification of the propensity score model can result in the consistent estimation of an average causal effect. The propensity scores are covariate scores, which are a class of functions that removes bias due to all observed covariates. When matching on a parametric model (e.g., a propensity or a prognostic score), the matching estimator is robust to model misspecifications if the misspecified model belongs to the class of covariate scores. The implication is that there are multiple possibilities for the matching estimator in contrast to the doubly robust estimator in which the researcher has two chances to make reliable inference. In simulations, we compare the finite sample properties of the matching estimator with a simple inverse probability weighting estimator and a doubly robust estimator. For the misspecifications in our study, the mean square error of the matching estimator is smaller than the mean square error of both the simple inverse probability weighting estimator and the doubly robust estimators.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"