JOURNAL ARTICLE

Association between HLA and Stevens-Johnson syndrome induced by carbamazepine in Southern Han Chinese: genetic markers besides B*1502?

Yi-Wu Shi, Fu-Li Min, Bin Qin, Xin Zou, Xiao-Rong Liu, Mei-Mei Gao, Qian Wang, Jue-Qian Zhou, Wei-Ping Liao
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology 2012, 111 (1): 58-64
22348435
Previous studies have demonstrated a strong association between carbamazepine-induced Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis (CBZ-induced SJS/TEN) and HLA-B*1502 in Chinese, and HLA-A*3101 but not HLA-B*1502 in Caucasians and Japanese. Cases with CBZ-induced SJS/TEN negative for HLA-B*1502 were reported recently in Southeast Asia. Negative correlations between CBZ-induced SJS/TEN and B*0702 or B*4001 have also been reported, suggesting a possible protective role. Here, we genotyped HLA-B and HLA-A in 18 cases with CBZ-induced SJS/TEN, in comparison with CBZ-tolerant and normal controls in Southern Han Chinese. A strong association between HLA-B*1502 and CBZ-induced SJS/TEN was found, with 72.2% sensitivity and 87.1% specificity. However, we also found five patients with SJS (5/18, 27.78%) who were negative for HLA-B*1502. HLA-A*2402 was present in nine of 16 cases with SJS (56.25%, including three of five cases negative for HLA-B*1502), which was significantly more frequent than that of CBZ-tolerant controls or the general southern population. Only one case with SJS carried HLA-A*3101. No statistical difference in the mean age, sex ratio and CBZ usage was found between the CBZ-induced SJS/TEN group and the CBZ-tolerant group. In search for possible protective genetic markers in HLA-B*1502-positive but CBZ-tolerant patients, we failed to find any significant factors in the HLA alleles observed. Given the association between HLA-B*1502 and CBZ-induced SJS/TEN, genetic testing before initiating CBZ therapy is suggested in Han Chinese population. However, physicians should also be vigilant about SJS/TEN in those negative for HLA-B*1502. Other factors for the development of CBZ-induced SJS/TEN in HLA-B*1502-negative patients and protective factors in CBZ-tolerant patients should be investigated further.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22348435
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"