Endobronchial pulmonary cryptococcosis and tuberculosis in an immunocompetent host

R Thomas, D J Christopher, T Balamugesh, P James, M Thomas
Singapore Medical Journal 2012, 53 (2): e32-4
Pulmonary cryptococcosis presenting as an endobronchial tumour-like growth has rarely been described. We report the case of a male patient with normal immune function who presented with a right upper lobe mass lesion. Bronchoscopy revealed a tumour-like growth that completely occluded the anterior segment of the right upper lobe bronchus. Bronchial biopsy and computed tomography-guided lung biopsy revealed Cryptococcus, and culture of lung biopsy specimen grew Cryptococcus neoformans and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The patient responded clinically to amphotericin B, fluconazole and anti-tuberculous therapy. However, chest radiographic response was unremarkable. A presentation of pulmonary cryptococcosis and tuberculosis, along with endobronchial tumour-like growth in the same patient, is unusual and has not been previously described.

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