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Ectopic pregnancy mortality - Florida, 2009-2010.

Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized ovum implants on any tissue other than the endometrial lining of the uterus. Approximately 1%-2% of pregnancies in the United States are ectopic; however, these pregnancies account for 3%-4% of pregnancy-related deaths. The ectopic pregnancy mortality ratio in the United States decreased from 1.15 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1980-1984 to 0.50 in 2003-2007. During 1999-2008, the ectopic pregnancy mortality ratio in Florida was similar to the national rate, 0.6 deaths per 100,000 live births, but increased abruptly to 2.5 during 2009-2010. Florida's Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review (PAMR) identified ectopic pregnancy deaths during 1999-2010 through its routine process of identifying all pregnancy-related deaths. A multidisciplinary investigation committee reviewed the ectopic pregnancy deaths for cause of death, risk factors, and prevention opportunities. This report summarizes the investigation results, which identified 11 ectopic pregnancy deaths from 2009-2010 and 13 deaths from the 10-year period 1999-2008. The increase in ectopic mortality appears to be associated with illicit drug use and delays in seeking health care. The findings underscore the importance of ongoing, state-based identification and review of pregnancy-related deaths. Such reviews have the potential to identify emerging causes of deaths and associated risk factors, such as ectopic pregnancy deaths among women who use illicit drugs. Efforts to prevent ectopic pregnancy deaths need to ensure early access to care, promote awareness about early pregnancy testing and ectopic pregnancy risk, and raise public awareness about substance abuse health risks, especially during pregnancy.

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