Risk factors of surgical failure following transvaginal mesh repair for the treatment of pelvic organ prolapse

Cheng-Yu Long, Tsia-Shu Lo, Chiu-Lin Wang, Chin-Hu Wu, Cheng-Min Liu, Juin-Huang Su
European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 2012, 161 (2): 224-7

OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) recurrence after transvaginal mesh (TVM) repair.

STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and thirteen women with symptomatic POP stage II to IV were scheduled for TVM procedures. All subjects underwent urinalyses and pelvic examination using the POP quantification (POP-Q) staging system before and after surgery.

RESULTS: Seven (6.2%) of 113 women reported POP recurrence after a mean follow-up time of 30 months. We performed a univariate analysis of patients' characteristics to identify the predictors of surgical failure after TVM. There was no difference between two groups as to body mass index, POP stage, mesh type, and preoperative urinary symptoms and urodynamic parameters (P>0.05). However, we found that uterine prolapse (P=0.016) and surgical experience (P=0.043) were two significant predictors of surgical failure. Multivariate logistic regression showed similar results.

CONCLUSION: Advanced uterine prolapse and lack of surgical experience were two significant predictors of failure following TVM. POP recurrence after mesh repair appears to be unlikely beyond the learning curve.

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