OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Neck circumference is an accurate and simple index for evaluating overweight and obesity in Han children

Dong-Hui Lou, Fu-Zai Yin, Rui Wang, Chun-Ming Ma, Xiao-Li Liu, Qiang Lu
Annals of Human Biology 2012, 39 (2): 161-5
22324843

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has reached alarming levels in recent years. Neck circumference (NC) has been shown to be an indicator of central adiposity.

AIM: The purpose of this study was to analyse whether NC can be used to determine overweight and obesity in Han Chinese children.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In 2011, anthropometric measurements were gathered in a cross-sectional, population-based study of 2847 Han children aged 7-12 years. Overweight and obesity were defined according to the 2004 Chinese obesity task force definition. Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were conducted to assess the accuracy of NC as a diagnostic test for elevated body mass index (BMI) (overweight and obesity).

RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in boys was 18.0% and 26.0%, respectively, and 11.7% and 15.7%, respectively, for girls. The mean NC in boys was significantly greater than in girls (29.2 ± 3.1 cm vs 28.1 ± 2.8 cm, p < 0.001). NC was significantly correlated with age, BMI and waist circumference in both boys and girls (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). NC cut-off values for elevated BMI were between 27.4~31.3 cm in boys and 26.3~31.4 cm in girls. The sensitivities were 75.5~86.7% in boys and 80.0~92.5% in girls. The specificities were 73.9~91.7% in boys and 74.7~93.3% in girls.

CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates that NC is a simple, inexpensive and accurate measurement that may be used to identify overweight and obesity in Han children.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22324843
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"