JOURNAL ARTICLE
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

One hundred percent fascial approximation can be achieved in the postinjury open abdomen with a sequential closure protocol.

BACKGROUND: Multiple techniques have been introduced to obtain fascial closure for the open abdomen. Vacuum-assisted closure has reduced but not eliminated the use of either split-thickness skin grafts to cover the exposed bowel or mesh (prosthetic or biological) approximation of the fascia. We hypothesized that a sequential closure technique performed by a systematic protocol would achieve a higher rate of primary fascial closure than other described techniques.

METHODS: Our technique of sequential fascial closure was initiated in 2005. Patients with a postinjury open abdomen undergoing the technique were compared with those patients who did not follow the protocol. In brief, vacuum-assisted closure white sponges cover the bowel; the fascia is placed under moderate tension over the white sponges with no. 1-polydioxanone sutures; the black sponge is placed on top of this with the standard occlusive dressing; patients undergo partial fascial closure and replacement of the sponge sandwich every 2 days until completely closed. Protocol violations were defined as not returning to the operating room every other day and absence of fascial retention sutures. Patients who died before return to the operating room in the first 48 hours were excluded.

RESULTS: One hundred consecutive patients underwent damage control surgery during the five-year study period and survived to second laparotomy; 49 patients attained fascial closure at the second laparotomy. Fifty-one patients required an open abdomen after the second laparotomy and comprise the study population. The majority were men (80%) with a mean age of 34.7 years ± 2.0 years, mean injury severity score of 37.1 ± 2.4, and mean abdominal trauma index of 26.4 ± 2.1. Average initial base deficit was 15.7 ± 0.6 and 24-hour red cell transfusions were 20.4 ± 2.4 units. Of the 51 patients, 29 followed the protocol and 100% had fascial closure. Of the 22 patients who did not follow the protocol, 12 (55%) attained fascial closure. There were no significant differences in injury severity score, abdominal trauma index, base deficit, or red cell transfusions between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: A methodical approach with sequential fascial closure achieves 100% fascial approximation in our experience. This technique reduces the morbidity of the open abdomen and the cost of either complex abdominal reconstruction or biological mesh insertion.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app