Midterm results following endovascular repair of blunt thoracic aortic injuries

Christos Lioupis, Kent S MacKenzie, Marc-Michel Corriveau, Daniel I Obrand, Cherrie Z Abraham, Oren K Steinmetz
Vascular and Endovascular Surgery 2012, 46 (2): 109-16

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have focused on early outcomes of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR) of blunt thoracic aortic injuries (BTAIs). Late results remain ill-defined. The purpose of this study is to review the midterm results of our experience with endovascular repair of BTAIs.

METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed reviewing all endovascular repairs of BTAIs from 2002 to present. Preoperative, operative, and postoperative variables were recorded. Clinical end points included aortic-related mortality, stroke and paraplegia, hospital length of stay, procedure-related complications, endoleaks, and reinterventions. Computed tomography data sets were postprocessed for assessing integrity of stent grafts and late complications.

RESULTS: A total of 24 cases of BTAIs treated with TEVAR were identified. Thoracic endovascular repair was successful in treating BTAIs in all patients and there were no instances of procedure-related death, stroke, or paraplegia. One access complication occurred, requiring an iliofemoral bypass. Actuarial survival estimates and freedom from reintervention at 5 years were 88.7% and 95.8%, respectively. No late endoleaks, stent fractures, or device migration were identified. One patient required a secondary intervention 1 year following the initial repair to treat a pseudocoarctation syndrome caused by a diaphragm at the distal half of the stented aorta. This was treated successfully with repeated endografting.

CONCLUSIONS: Thoracic endovascular repair for BTAIs can be performed safely with low periprocedural mortality and morbidity. Midterm follow-up data presented in this report further support the therapeutic role of endoluminal approach for treating BTAIs in anatomically suitable patients.

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