Laparoscopy-assisted versus balloon enteroscopy-assisted ERCP in bariatric post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients

Mitchal A Schreiner, Lily Chang, Michael Gluck, Shayan Irani, S Ian Gan, John J Brandabur, Richard Thirlby, Ravi Moonka, Richard A Kozarek, Andrew S Ross
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy 2012, 75 (4): 748-56

BACKGROUND: Data on balloon enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (BEA-ERCP) versus laparoscopy-assisted ERCP (LA-ERCP) in post-Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) patients are lacking.

OBJECTIVES: To compare BEA-ERCP with LA-ERCP in post-RYGB patients and to identify factors that predict therapeutic success with BEA-ERCP.

DESIGN: Retrospective chart review.

SETTING: A single North American tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS: The review included 56 bariatric post-RYGB patients who underwent ERCP.


MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Cannulation rate, therapeutic success, hospital stay, complications, procedure duration, endoscopist time, and cost.

RESULTS: A total of 32 patients underwent BEA-ERCP, and 24 underwent LA-ERCP. LA-ERCP was superior to BEA-ERCP in papilla identification (100% vs 72%, P = .005), cannulation rate (100% vs 59%, P < .001), and therapeutic success (100% vs 59%, P < .001). The total procedure time was shorter (P < .001) and endoscopist time was longer (P = .006) for BEA-ERCP. There was no difference in postprocedure hospital stay (P = .127) or complication rate (P = .392) between the 2 groups. In the BEA-ERCP group, in patients having a Roux limb + biliopancreatic (from ligament of Treitz to jejunojejunal anastomosis), a limb length less than 150 cm was associated with therapeutic success. Starting with BEA-ERCP and continuing with LA-ERCP after a failed BEA-ERCP saved $1015 compared with starting with LA-ERCP.

LIMITATIONS: Single center, retrospective study.

CONCLUSIONS: In centers with expertise in deep enteroscopy and ERCP, post-RYGB patients with a Roux + ligament of Treitz to jejunojejunal anastomosis limb length less than 150 cm should first be offered deep enteroscopy-assisted ERCP. In patients with Roux + ligament of Treitz to jejunojejunal anastomosis (LTJJ) limb length 150 cm or longer, LA-ERCP should be the preferred approach because of the lack of need for a second procedure, equivalent morbidity and hospital stay, decreased endoscopist time, and decreased cost.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"