Case Reports
Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Addition of plasma exchange to glucocorticosteroids for the treatment of severe Henoch-Schönlein purpura in adults: a case series.

BACKGROUND: Adult Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) has been associated with poor outcome and end-stage renal disease in >20% of cases. Although the benefit of adding another immunosuppressant to steroids in severe adult HSP has not been shown, the benefit of plasma exchange (PE) therapy has been poorly evaluated.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 11 consecutive patients with severe and newly diagnosed HSP since 1988 who were treated with steroids and PE.

OUTCOME & MEASUREMENT: Patients' characteristics and outcome were analyzed. Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and proteinuria were measured at baseline, at the end of PE treatment, at months 6 and 12, and at the last visit. Side effects of corticoid treatment and PE were recorded.

RESULTS: 11 patients were identified in 1988-2010. Patients received intravenous corticoid pulses in 64% of cases, followed by oral prednisone for a median of 6.6 months. They received a median of 12 PE sessions. BVAS, eGFR, and proteinuria improved significantly between baseline and the last PE at a median of 2 months. PE sessions were well tolerated, except in one patient who developed central catheter-associated septicemia. One patient required dialysis therapy 15 days after HSP diagnosis and did not recover kidney function. At the last medical evaluation at a mean follow-up of 6 years, median eGFR and proteinuria were 83 ± 22 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and protein excretion of 140 ± 10 mg/d, respectively. 3 women had pregnancy without complications.

LIMITATIONS: This case series did not have a control group.

CONCLUSIONS: The combination of PE and corticoid therapy in severe forms of HSP was associated with fast improvement and good long-term outcome.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app