Type I hereditary angioedema in Taiwan — clinical, biological features and genetic study

Wei-Te Lei, Shyh-Dar Shyur, Li-Hsin Huang, Yu-Hsuan Kao, Chia-Yi Lo
Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology 2011, 29 (4): 327-31

BACKGROUND: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare, autosomal dominant inherited disease which is caused by a genetic deficiency of C1 esterase inhibitor (C1 INH). There have only been a few case reports in Taiwan to date.

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of type I HAE in Taiwanese patients.

METHODS: Three unrelated Taiwanese families with type I HAE are reported, and one case of a family from a review of PubMed was reviewed. Clinical manifestations, diagnostic examinations, management and genetic studies were analyzed.

RESULTS: Including this report, 19 patients had low C1 INH and low C4 levels and were diagnosed with type I HAE. Only 11 (57.9%) patients were symptomatic. Recurrent skin swelling and edema over the four extremities or trunk were reported in all symptomatic patients (100%). 45.5% of the patients recalled laryngeal attacks and one patient died from asphyxia. 18.2% of the patients experienced abdominal symptoms. The age at the beginning of clinical symptoms ranged from 5 to 30 years (mean +/- SD: 20.82 +/- 7.88 years). The diagnosis tended to be delayed (range from 1 to 39 years; mean +/- SD: 8.45 +/- 11.04 years). Nine patients had a mutant C1 INH gene, and two patients received long-term prophylaxis with danazol.

CONCLUSION: The prevalence of hereditary angioedema in Taiwan is low. Persons with low levels of C1 INH who were clinically symptomatic accounted for only 57.9% of the cases in our study, which is far lower than previous reports from other countries. Ethnic differences may be the reason for this finding. Further genomic studies are needed to elucidate the genetic penetrance of C1 INH deficiency in Taiwan.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"