JOURNAL ARTICLE

ST-segment resolution after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Gjin Ndrepepa, Patricia Alger, Sebastian Kufner, Julinda Mehilli, Albert Schömig, Adnan Kastrati
Cardiology Journal 2012, 19 (1): 61-9
22298169

BACKGROUND: The association between ST-segment resolution and clinical outcome in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) remains unclear. Recent studies on the association between ST-segment resolution and mortality have given conflicting results. We undertook this study to assess whether ST-segment resolution in electrocardiograms recorded 90-120 min after initiation of PPCI predicts long-term mortality in patients with STEMI.

METHODS: The study included 900 patients with STEMI presenting within the first 24 h after symptom onset who were treated with PPCI. The ST-segment resolution was assessed in electrocardiograms recorded 90-120 min after the first balloon inflation. The ST-segment resolution was dichotomized as follows: < 30% (no resolution), 30% to ≤ 70% (partial resolution) and > 70% (complete resolution). The primary endpoint was five-year mortality.

RESULTS: ST-segment resolution was < 30% in 263 (29.0%) patients, between 30% and ≤ 70% in 356 (40.0%) patients and > 70% in 281 (31.0%) patients. There were 62 deaths during the follow-up. In patients with ST-segment resolution < 30%, 30 to ≤ 70% and > 70%, the Kaplan-Meier estimates of mortality were 8.3% (n = 17 deaths), 11.5% (n = 29 deaths) and 6.8% (n = 16 deaths), respectively; unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-1.67, p = 0.695 for ST-segment resolution > 70% vs < 30%; adjusted HR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.61-1.33; p = 0.607, for ST-segment resolution > 70% vs ST-segment resolution < 30%.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with STEMI undergoing PPCI, ST-segment resolution in electrocardiograms recorded 90-120 min after initiation of PPCI did not predict long-term mortality.

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