Anatomic and functional outcomes with the prolift procedure in elderly women with advanced pelvic organ prolapse who desire uterine preservation

Moon Kyoung Cho, Chul Hong Kim, Woo Dae Kang, Jong Woon Kim, Seok Mo Kim, Yoon Ha Kim
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 2012, 19 (3): 307-12

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical outcomes of total mesh repair with the Prolift technique as treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse in elderly patients who desire uterine preservation.

DESIGN: Case control series study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING: Medical school-affiliated hospital.

PATIENTS: Sixty-eight patients over the age of 70 years with advanced pelvic organ prolapse, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification stage III (n = 59) or IV (n = 9), underwent a total Prolift procedure and were followed up for a minimum of 2 years.

INTERVENTIONS: Transvaginal pelvic floor repairs were performed with a total Prolift system. The concurrent pelvic surgery included midurethral sling operation with a TVT-O, if indicated. The assessment included intraoperative and postoperative complications, Urogenital Distress Inventory scores, and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire scores.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Objective and subjective data were available for 68 patients. The anatomic success rate was 97.1% after 2 years. Complications included bladder perforation in 1 patient (1.5%), de novo stress urinary incontinence in 20 patients (29.4%), dyspareunia in 4 patients (22.2%), and vaginal erosion in 1 patient (1.5%). The Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification stages, Urogenital Distress Inventory scores, and Incontinence Impact Questionnaire scores all improved significantly after surgery.

CONCLUSIONS: The total Prolift procedure is an alternative surgical option that uses a minimally invasive transvaginal approach to surgically treat elderly patients with advanced pelvic organ prolapse.

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