JOURNAL ARTICLE

Morphology of pilonidal sinus disease: some evidence of its being a unilocalized type of hidradenitis suppurativa

Maximilian von Laffert, Volker Stadie, Jens Ulrich, Wolfgang Christian Marsch, Johannes Wohlrab
Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology 2011, 223 (4): 349-55
22269798

BACKGROUND: The term 'pilonidal sinus' (PS) reflects an acute exacerbating, purulent, fistulating chronic inflammation located in the coccyx region. Systematic histological investigations are scarce, and the etiology has remained controversial.

METHODS: Histological and immunohistochemical characterization of totally excised material of 27 patients (68 specimens) with PS (no antecedent and no current clinical signs of hidradenitis suppurativa, HS) and its correlation with data on HS which we published earlier.

RESULTS: Follicular hyperplasia/hyperkeratosis and interfollicular epidermal hyperplasia are main features of PS. Early pathology seems to take place at terminal hair follicles, whereas sinus tract formations are a secondary event. Focused regions show an inflammatory mixed infiltrate consisting of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD68+ and CD79+ cells.

CONCLUSIONS: PS and HS have various common characteristics at the histological and immunohistochemical level. Considering PS as a unilocalized type of HS, risk factors known in the latter should henceforth be evaluated in PS as well.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22269798
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"