Absorption, metabolism and excretion of [(14)C]mirabegron (YM178), a potent and selective β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist, after oral administration to healthy male volunteers

Shin Takusagawa, Jan Jaap van Lier, Katsuhiro Suzuki, Masanori Nagata, John Meijer, Walter Krauwinkel, Marloes Schaddelee, Mitsuhiro Sekiguchi, Aiji Miyashita, Takafumi Iwatsubo, Marcel van Gelderen, Takashi Usui
Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals 2012, 40 (4): 815-24
The mass balance and metabolite profiles of 2-(2-amino-1,3-thiazol-4-yl)-N-[4-(2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl]amino}ethyl)[U-(14)C]phenyl]acetamide ([(14)C]mirabegron, YM178), a β(3)-adrenoceptor agonist for the treatment of overactive bladder, were characterized in four young, healthy, fasted male subjects after a single oral dose of [(14)C]mirabegron (160 mg, 1.85 MBq) in a solution. [(14)C]Mirabegron was rapidly absorbed with a plasma t(max) for mirabegron and total radioactivity of 1.0 and 2.3 h postdose, respectively. Unchanged mirabegron was the most abundant component of radioactivity, accounting for approximately 22% of circulating radioactivity in plasma. Mean recovery in urine and feces amounted to 55 and 34%, respectively. No radioactivity was detected in expired air. The main component of radioactivity in urine was unchanged mirabegron, which accounted for 45% of the excreted radioactivity. A total of 10 metabolites were found in urine. On the basis of the metabolites found in urine, major primary metabolic reactions of mirabegron were estimated to be amide hydrolysis (M5, M16, and M17), accounting for 48% of the identified metabolites in urine, followed by glucuronidation (M11, M12, M13, and M14) and N-dealkylation or oxidation of the secondary amine (M8, M9, and M15), accounting for 34 and 18% of the identified metabolites, respectively. In feces, the radioactivity was recovered almost entirely as the unchanged form. Eight of the metabolites characterized in urine were also observed in plasma. These findings indicate that mirabegron, administered as a solution, is rapidly absorbed after oral administration, circulates in plasma as the unchanged form and metabolites, and is recovered in urine and feces mainly as the unchanged form.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"