Bispectral index monitoring of midazolam and propofol sedation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: a randomized clinical trial (the EndoBIS study)

S von Delius, H Salletmaier, A Meining, S Wagenpfeil, D Saur, M Bajbouj, G Schneider, R M Schmid, W Huber
Endoscopy 2012, 44 (3): 258-64

INTRODUCTION: Bispectral index (BIS) monitoring provides a non-invasive measure of the level of sedation. The purpose of this randomized, single-blind clinical trial was to evaluate whether BIS monitoring of sedation would lead to improved oxygenation and a reduced rate of cardiopulmonary complications during endoscopy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) under procedural sedation with a combination of low dose midazolam and propofol were randomly assigned to either standard monitoring of sedation only (BIS-blinded arm) or an open arm in which additional BIS monitoring was available (BIS-open arm). In the BIS-open arm, propofol administration was to be withheld if BIS values were <55. The primary study end point was the mean oxygen saturation per patient. Secondary end points were the rates of cardiopulmonary complications, propofol dose, quality of sedation (patient cooperation as rated by the endoscopist and patient satisfaction), and recovery.

RESULTS: A total of 144 patients were enrolled and included in the intention-to-treat analysis. Mean oxygen saturation per patient was 97.7% in the BIS-open arm and 97.6% in the BIS-blinded arm (P=0.71). Total rates of cardiopulmonary complications, single numbers of hypoxemic, bradycardic, and hypotensive events, mean propofol doses, and quality of sedation also showed no statistically significant differences between the groups. However, BIS monitoring did result in faster recovery of patients as reflected by shorter times to eye opening (P=0.001), first verbal response (P=0.02), and leaving the procedure room (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of additional BIS monitoring did not lead to improved oxygenation or a reduced rate of cardiopulmonary complications. Recovery times after the procedure were shorter than with standard monitoring alone, but the clinical benefit for daily practice may be limited.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"