Spectral analyses of cardiovascular control in rodents with spinal cord injury

Jessica A Inskip, Leanne M Ramer, Matt S Ramer, Andrei V Krassioukov, Victoria E Claydon
Journal of Neurotrauma 2012 May 20, 29 (8): 1638-49
The severity of injury to cardiovascular autonomic pathways following clinical spinal cord injury (SCI) can be evaluated with spectral analyses. Whether this technique provides a translatable assessment of cardiovascular autonomic function in rodent SCI is unknown. Beat-to-beat blood pressure and pulse interval were measured in male rats 1 month after complete T3 or T10 SCI, and in uninjured control animals. Univariate autoregressive spectral analyses were performed and the power of the low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), and very low frequency (VLF) peaks identified. Frequency domain variables were correlated with the severity of orthostatic hypotension (OH) and the severity of hypertension during autonomic dysreflexia (AD). Total heart rate variability (HRV) and blood pressure variability (BPV) were reduced in animals with T3, but not T10, SCI. VLF and LF HRV were reduced and HF HRV was increased in animals with T3 SCI compared to controls; there were no changes in animals with T10 SCI. BPV in the VLF and LF range was reduced in animals with T3 SCI, but not T10 SCI. In all animals with SCI, severity of OH was positively correlated with LF BPV, and negatively correlated with HF BPV. Severity of AD was positively correlated with HF BPV and HF HRV, and negatively correlated with VLF HRV. Spectral analyses can detect alterations in cardiovascular autonomic function in animals with SCI at rest. These parameters underscore the distinct cardiovascular ramifications of high- versus low-thoracic SCI, and correlate with the severity of AD and OH, clinically-relevant measures of abnormal blood pressure control.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"