Detailed analysis of the relationship between tracheal breath sounds and airflow in relation to OSA during wake and sleep

A Yadollahi, Z Moussavi
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2011, 2011: 6797-800
Tracheal respiratory sound analysis is a simple, inexpensive and non-invasive way to study the pathology of the upper airways. Recently, it has attracted considerable attention for acoustical flow estimation and investigation of obstruction in the upper airways. Obstructive sleep apena (OSA) is characterized by periods of reduction or complete cessation of airflow during sleep. However, the flow-sound relationship is highly variable among OSA and non-OSA individuals; it also changes for the same person at different body postures and during wake and sleep. In this study we recorded respiratory sound and flow from 93 non-OSA individuals as well as 13 OSA patients during sleep and wake. We investigated the statistical correlation between the flow-sound model parameters and anthropometric features in the non-OSA group. The results have shown that gender, height and smoking are the most significant factors that affect the model parameters. We compared the flow-sound relationship in OSA and non-OSA groups in the sitting position while awake. We also examined the variations in the model parameters in OSA patients during sleep and wake in the recumbent position. The results show that the model parameters are different in the two groups even when accounted for height, gender and position. In OSA group, the model parameters change from wake to sleep, even at the same position. The variations in the model parameters can be used to investigate the characteristics of upper airways and examine the factors that can lead to the upper airways obstruction during sleep.

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