REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Microbiological diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to review the clinical features and diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis cases reported in the literature.

METHODS: A medical literature search in the Medline Pubmed database was undertaken to review tuberculosis spinal infection and extra-pulmonary tuberculosis diagnosis improvement. We introduced the following search items and boolean operators: "spinal infection", "spinal tuberculosis infection", "microbiological diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis" and "spinal tuberculosis PCR." Single cases or series without microbiological diagnosis were rejected. Manuscript language was restricted to Spanish, French, and English versions.

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Spinal tuberculosis is more common in developing countries and is probably underdiagnosed. Delayed diagnosis is characteristic; it worsens the prognosis and increases morbidity. The microbiological diagnosis is crucial for several reasons. Despite surgical treatment, medical treatment with anti-tuberculous drugs is always necessary. A total of 20-40% of the spinal tuberculosis patients show another locus of infection. Pulmonary location can become a public health problem. Previously treated patients for other tuberculosis locations, incomplete treatments, or poor adherence can change the M. tuberculosis sensitivity pattern. Drug resistance test becomes a major need in the microbiology laboratory. PCR diagnostic techniques advance the diagnosis and increase the sensitivity and specificity rate.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app