Aortopulmonary window associated with interrupted aortic arch: report of surgical repair of eight cases and review of literature

Peter Murin, Nicodème Sinzobahamvya, Hedwig Ch Blaschczok, Joachim Photiadis, Christoph Haun, Boulos Asfour, Viktor Hraska
Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 2012, 60 (3): 215-20

BACKGROUND: Patients with combined aortopulmonary window (APW) and interrupted aortic arch (IAA) malformations are rarely seen. We reviewed cases with such association with emphasis on surgical management and long-term outcome.

METHODS: 109 patients with IAA and 25 patients with APW were operated upon between 1981 and 2011. The clinical records, operation and follow-up data were analyzed. Long-term outcome was completed with the help of either outpatient data or inquiring. Related literature was investigated.

RESULTS: Combined APW/IAA was found in 8 cases: 7.3% (8/109) of those with IAA diagnosis and 32% (8/25) with APW. All APWs were proximal. 7 patients had interruption type A. A ventricular septal defect (VSD) was associated in one case only. Median age at surgery was 10 days. The two first patients were operated upon without cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) and one died during operation. The other six underwent single stage approach under CPB with no death: overall early mortality of 12.5% (⅛). APW was closed with one or two patches; aortic arch was reconstructed either directly (extended end-to-side anastomosis) or by patch augmentation. There was no late death and no reoperation during mean follow-up of 118 months (range 1-360 months). Six patients were in functional NYHA class I, the remainder in class II. The cumulative APW/IAA incidence from literature varies between 4.9% (56/1105) and 22.2% (42/189). Early mortality reaches 15.1% (8/53) (95% CI: 6.8% - 27.6%).

CONCLUSION: Neonatal repair with thorough mobilization of the aortic arch and extended end-to-side anastomosis or use of patch augmentation carries potential for the best early and late outcome for combined APW/IAA malformation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.