Contribution of the OBSCN nonsynonymous variants to aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease susceptibility in Korean population

Jeong-Hyun Kim, Byung-Lae Park, Charisse Flerida A Pasaje, Yongha Kim, Joon Seol Bae, Jong Sook Park, Soo-Taek Uh, Yong-Hoon Kim, Mi-Kyeong Kim, Inseon S Choi, Sang Heon Cho, Byoung Whui Choi, InSong Koh, Choon-Sik Park, Hyoung Doo Shin
DNA and Cell Biology 2012, 31 (6): 1001-9
Airway remodeling and exacerbated airway narrowing in asthma have been attributed to the regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of the airway smooth muscle cells. The protein encoded by obscurin, cytoskeletal calmodulin and titin-interacting RhoGEF (OBSCN) is a crucial factor in determining the SR architecture in Obscn(-/-) mice. This study genotyped a total of 55 common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 592 Korean asthmatics including 163 aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) cases and 429 aspirin-tolerant asthma (ATA) controls. Eight SNPs, including two nonsynonymous polymorphisms rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) and rs1188729G>C (Cys4642Ser), and one haplotype BL2_ht1 showed statistically significant associations with AERD development (p=0.003-0.03). Two variants, rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) and rs369252C>A, also revealed nominal association with FEV1 decline by aspirin provocation in asthmatics (p=0.03-0.04). Intriguingly, rs1188722C>T (Leu2116Phe) is a highly conserved amino acid residue among species, suggesting its functional relevance to AERD. In addition, the A allele of rs369252C>A, which was more prevalent in AERD than in ATA, was predicted as a potential branch point (BP) site for alternative splicing (BP score=4.29). Although further functional evaluation is required, our findings suggest that OBSCN polymorphisms, in particular, highly conserved nonsynonymous Leu2116Phe variant, might contribute to aspirin hypersensitivity in asthmatics.

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